Building a CRUD Application with Laravel and PHP

Building a CRUD Application with Laravel and PHP: A Step-by-Step Guide

Laravel, a powerful PHP framework, has gained immense popularity for its elegant syntax, robust features, and developer-friendly tools. One of the fundamental tasks in web development is creating CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) applications. In this step-by-step guide, we will walk through the process of building a CRUD application using Laravel and PHP, demonstrating how to seamlessly manage database records.


Before diving into the tutorial, ensure that you have the following prerequisites installed on your development machine:

  1. PHP
  2. Composer
  3. Laravel
  4. Database (MySQL, SQLite, PostgreSQL, etc.)

Step 1: Set Up a New Laravel Project

Begin by creating a new Laravel project using Composer. Open your terminal and run the following command:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel crud-app

This command installs the latest Laravel version and sets up a new project named “crud-app.”

Step 2: Database Configuration

Navigate to the project directory and configure the database connection in the .env file. Update the following variables with your database credentials:


Save the changes and run the migration to create the necessary tables:

php artisan migrate

Step 3: Create Model and Migration

Generate a model and migration file for your CRUD application. In this example, let’s create a “Task” model:

php artisan make:model Task -m

This command generates a model file (Task.php) and a migration file for the “tasks” table.

Step 4: Define Model Relationships and Database Columns

Edit the migration file (database/migrations/xxxx_xx_xx_create_tasks_table.php) to define the database columns. For instance:

public function up()
Schema::create('tasks', function (Blueprint $table) {

Run the migration again to apply the changes:

php artisan migrate

Step 5: Create Controllers

Generate controllers for handling CRUD operations:

php artisan make:controller TaskController

Edit the controller (app/Http/Controllers/TaskController.php) with methods for Create, Read, Update, and Delete.

Step 6: Set Up Routes

Define routes in routes/web.php to map URLs to controller actions:

Route::resource('tasks', TaskController::class);

This single line of code creates routes for all CRUD operations.

Step 7: Create Views

Generate views for displaying and managing tasks:

php artisan make:views tasks

This command creates the necessary blade view files in the resources/views/tasks directory.

Step 8: Implement CRUD Operations in Views and Controller

Edit the generated views to display tasks and implement CRUD operations. Update the controller methods accordingly.

Step 9: Run the Application

Launch the development server:

php artisan serve

Visit http://localhost:8000/tasks in your browser to access the CRUD application.


Congratulations! You’ve successfully built a CRUD application using Laravel and PHP. This step-by-step guide covered the essential aspects of creating models, migrations, controllers, and views, allowing you to perform basic CRUD operations seamlessly. Laravel’s elegant syntax and powerful features make it a top choice for developers building robust web applications. Experiment with additional features and enhancements to further customize and extend your CRUD application.