Multi-Step Forms in Laravel

Multi-Step Forms in Laravel: Creating User-Friendly Interfaces

In the realm of web development, creating user-friendly interfaces is paramount. Users often appreciate a seamless and intuitive experience when interacting with a website or application. One effective way to enhance the user experience, especially when dealing with complex data input or lengthy forms, is to implement multi-step forms. In this blog post, we’ll explore the concept of multi-step forms and how to implement them using the Laravel framework.

Understanding Multi-Step Forms

Multi-step forms, also known as wizard forms or step-by-step forms, break down a lengthy form into smaller, more manageable sections. Each step focuses on collecting a specific set of information, making the overall process less overwhelming for users. This approach is particularly useful when dealing with complex data entry scenarios, such as user registration, surveys, or e-commerce checkout processes.

Advantages of Multi-Step Forms

Improved User Experience: Breaking down a form into steps makes it more digestible for users, reducing the likelihood of errors and fatigue during the data entry process.

Clear Progress Tracking: Users can easily see their progress through the form, which provides a sense of accomplishment and helps them understand the remaining steps.

Conditional Logic: Multi-step forms enable the use of conditional logic, allowing developers to show or hide specific sections based on user inputs. This helps tailor the form dynamically to the user’s needs.

Enhanced Validation: Validation can be performed step by step, providing instant feedback to users and reducing the chances of submitting incorrect or incomplete data.

Setting Up Laravel

Before diving into the implementation of multi-step forms, let’s ensure that we have a Laravel environment set up. If you haven’t installed Laravel yet, you can do so by following the official documentation on the Laravel website.

composer create-project --prefer-dist
 laravel/laravel multi-step-forms

Once the installation is complete, navigate to the project directory:

cd multi-step-forms


Database Setup

For the purpose of this example, let’s assume we are creating a multi-step form for user registration. Start by setting up the necessary database table for users. Laravel provides an artisan command to generate migration files:

php artisan make:migration

Edit the generated migration file in the database/migrations directory to define the user table schema. After making the changes, run the migration:

php artisan migrate


Creating the User Model

Next, generate a model for the user using the following artisan command:

php artisan make:model User

In the User model class (app/Models/User.php),specify the fillable fields and any additional configurations.

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database
use Illuminate\Foundation
\Auth\User as Authenticatable;
use Illuminate\

class User extends 
    use HasFactory, Notifiable;

    protected $fillable = [
        // Add other fields as needed
 for your multi-step form

    // Add any additional model
 configurations here


Controller Setup

Create a controller for handling the multi-step form logic:

php artisan make:controller 

In the RegistrationController
define methods for each
step of the registration process.

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Models\User;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class Registration
Controller extends Controller
    public function step1()
        return view

    public function postStep1
(Request $request)
        // Validate and store
 data for step 1
        // Redirect to step 2

    public function step2()
        return view

    public function postStep2
(Request $request)
        // Validate and store
 data for step 2
        // Redirect to step 3

    // Repeat the process
 for each step

    public function
        // Perform final validation
 and store data
        // Redirect to a thank 
you page or user dashboard


View Setup

Create Blade views for each step in the resources/views/registration directory. Each view should contain the HTML form elements and JavaScript logic for navigating between steps.

Step 1 View (resources/views/registration/step1.blade.php)




Step 2 View (resources/views/registration/step2.blade.php)




Repeat this process for each step view, customizing the form elements as needed.


Define routes in the routes/web.php file to map each controller method to a specific URL.

use App\Http\Controllers

troller::class, 'step1']);
class, 'postStep1'])->

class, 'step2']);
::class, 'postStep2'])->

// Repeat for each step

:class, 'complete']);



To ensure that users progress through the steps in the correct order, create a custom middleware. Run the following artisan command to generate a middleware:

php artisan make:middleware

Edit the generated middleware in the app/Http/Middleware/MultiStepMiddleware.php file to implement the desired logic.

namespace App\Http\Middleware;

use Closure;

class MultiStepMiddleware
    public function handle
($request, Closure $next, $step)
        // Add logic to check if the 
user is allowed to access
 the specified step
        return $next($request);

Register the middleware in the app/Http/Kernel.php file.

protected $routeMiddleware = [
    // Other middleware entries...
    'multistep' => \App\Http\

Apply the middleware to the routes in the routes/web.php file.

Route::group(['middleware' => 
['multistep:step1']], function () {
    // Define routes for step 1

Route::group(['middleware' =>
 function () {
    // Define routes for step 2

// Repeat for each step



Implementing multi-step forms in Laravel can significantly enhance the user experience.